Not Endorsed

Not Endorsed

Not Endorsed

Not Endorsed

No current endorsements

Relevant UN Resolutions

No current sponsorships
GCPEA Education Under Attack

Profiled in GCPEA Education Under Attack

Profiled in: 2022, 2020, 2018, 2014

Other Important Information
Memberships in International Regional Organizations

Is a peacekeeping contributing country

Key Information

Key information about the country.

Advocacy Engagements

Engagements with this state or any other relevant information that can support advocacy.



Interest expressed around the UNESCO side event in Paris (Nov 2015). UNESCO is following up with delegation and trying to capitalize on presence of Min of Education at the General Conference.

March 2017: NRC wrote to the Federal Ministry of Education. The office responded to say that they are favourably disposed to endorse but the minister was travelling. Attended Buenos Aires Conference on Safe Schools.

May 2017: Save the Children had an advocacy meeting with Ethiopia in New York. Save the Children International (Addis) secured the agreement of the embassies of Liberia, Norway, and Argentina to co-host a breakfast meeting on 21 June in Addis Ababa which will aim to raise awareness of the Declaration and advocate for more endorsements. Approximately 60 participants from Member States (including defense attachés), UN Agencies, international organizations are expected to attend. Save the Children International (Addis) has arranged for the Deputy Country Director of Save the Children Somalia to brief the AU Peace and Security Council Open Session on 13 June on the topic of ending child marriage in humanitarian situations in Africa. Among Save the Children’s calls will be to urge for more endorsement of the Declaration.

June 2017: Following a recommendation from Save the Children Addis, the African Union Peace and Security Council issued a press statement following their Open Debate on ending child marriage, which included the following: “Council and participants stressed that keeping girls in schools is one of the most effective instruments to end child marriages. In this regard, they urged Member States to endorse and implement the Safe Schools Declaration and to develop refugee education action plans, with a view to providing inclusive and quality education in refugee situations in Africa.” Save the Children Pan-African and AU Liaison Office is conducting outreach to the representatives of endorsing states in Addis Ababa to advocate for the establishment of a Group of Friends on Children and Armed Conflict.

September 2017: Anita and Gisela planned to travel to Addis Ababa from 9-11 October to have meetings with the African Union on the Declaration, and for Gisela to meet with the government. Gisela sought the assistance of the Geneva Mission but only secured one meeting with the International Cooperation division. Visit cancelled and Gisela provided a written briefing to the Geneva expert instead. GCPEA sent a letter to the ambassador in New York asking to raise the issue on attacks and military use and to endorse the Declaration during the Open Debate on children and armed conflict.

October 2017: Statement at Arria formula meeting: Civilian objects are provided special protection under IHL; not serious concerns of the continued use of schools by armed forces; MRM – provides a good framework to sustain IHL particularly in relation to the six grave violations; it has enabled parties to prevent violations and to take concrete measures; the MRM should continue [missed]; Continue engagement of the SRSG to protect education from attacks is critical, encourage the SRSG to continue engagement in regional and sub-regional contexts – e.g., engage with the AU – and continue her engagement with other UN arms; Greater coordination b – International frameworks – there is a role for the SRSG to play in strengthening implementation of relevant frameworks. GCPEA sought meetings in capital through the Mission in Geneva and received an appointment with the Director General for International Organisations. The visit had to be cancelled, but will be revisited in 2018. Watchlist and Child Soldiers International met with the expert in New York. The expert had no update on their position but pledged to check in with her counterparts in capital. She advised that outreach via Geneva and Addis Ababa would also be helpful. She advised that the legal department is examining a variety of instruments (OPAC, Paris Principles, Vancouver Principles, Safe Schools Declaration) for their compatibility with existing law and obligations. Endorsement by the time of the Open Debate would be difficult, but she will reopen the discussion with her capital.

July 2018: Co-sponsored resolution 2427 (2018).

August 2018: Sent an email to the mission in Geneva requesting for a meeting. No response.

October 2018: UN WPS open debate advocacy in New York: Gisela met with the WPS expert, who wanted to know what information we had about instances of military use in Ethiopia, which would help to understand whether endorsement would be problematic. Ethiopia sees IHL as the appropriate framework, though she was interested by the examples of positive changes in African countries. She recommended that the Norwegian embassy in Addis Ababa should make an approach. Follow-up: Letter for Foreign Minister and gender recommendations sent by email, together with link to Ethiopia profile from Education Under Attack 2018.

May 2019: Participated in the Third International Conference in Palma.

June 2019: GCPEA followed up with the Ministry of Education after the Third International Conference in Palma, to encourage endorsement of the Safe Schools Declaration.

October 2019: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize. He moved swiftly to restore relations with Eritrea that had been frozen since a 1998-2000 border war and is credited with ending the standoff. He was also instrumental in peacemaking in Sudan, convincing the country’s military rulers and opposition to restart talks, and persuading Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to back his mediation.

June 2022: The Nigerian attaché in Geneva engaged Ethiopia on the SSD, and they have indicated interest to look into it favorably. They have requested details of the SSD as well as a formal invitation to endorse. GCPEA prepared a draft letter on behalf of the champion states.

July 2022: The champion states sent a letter to the Geneva Ambassador, encouraging endorsement.

September 2022: Endorsed the Call to Action on Education in crisis situations (refers to EuA22 data) at the Transforming Education Summit.

February 2023: This information was received from our colleagues in UNICEF based in Ethiopia/ not to be shared further. UNICEF met with the Minister of Education on 22 February, with their global director for Education, Robert Jenkins. The Minister made it clear that it’s not his priority. Essentially, he said that he has to pick his battles and this isn’t one of them. He emphasized that he thinks armed groups and even police should not be in or near any schools or universities and that he agrees with the intent of the SSD. But he will not push it.

March 2024: On 28 March, Apolline, together with Andrea from Save the Children, met with Daniel Tenkir, from the Ethiopia Geneva mission to discuss the Safe Schools Declaration. I briefed him on the Declaration and highlighted opportunities in 2024-2025 to announce endorsement. The representative explained that his country should be supportive of the SSD in principle since education is a key priority for them and not attacking or using schools is also in line with the Government’s position. He requested that GCPEA prepares an official request to endorse and send it through the NY permanent mission while alternatively asking the champions to send a formal request through Geneva. This will then allow him to follow up in capital to get a response on their position, which he hopes will be positive.

April 2024: Following the meeting with the mission in Geneva, on 12 April the champion states together with GCPEA, sent a letter addressed to the Geneva mission and copying NY mission formally requesting endorsement of the SSD.

UN Standards

Good Practice

What, if anything, the country has done to protect education and/or implement any of the 8 commitments outlined in the Declaration.

Commitment 1


Commitment 2

Ethiopia’s Education Sector Development Program for 2010-2015 recognized that the eight regions most affected by emergencies, including ethnic conflict, had limited data on the impact of emergencies on education. To address this, the Program included several strategies: collection of education in emergency (conflict and natural disaster) data that was subsequently used to inform planning and budgeting for education programming in these regions; integration of education in emergency data into other data collection systems, such as an Education Management Information System; creation of emergency preparedness response plans; and establishment of emergency preparedness task forces to implement and monitor the plans.


Commitment 3


Commitment 4


Commitment 5


Commitment 6


Commitment 7


Commitment 8

Addis Ababa workshop in 2016



National Action Plan or Technical Committee on the SSD

Not established

Relevant Contacts

Contact information of the representatives of Permanent Missions, national Ministries, and focal points for the State-led Implementation Network.

Geneva Missions

General Email(s):

Other Contacts:

Mr. Daneal Tenkir ARGA, Minister-Counsellor


New York Missions

General Email(s):

Other Contacts:

State-led Implementation Network